Winter 2018 • VOL. XXV NO. 1

Sexual Abuse

A Bayesian decision-support tool for child sexual abuse assessment and investigation. Alessandro Tadei, Johan Pensar, Jukka Corander, et al. Sex Abuse. 2017; http://dx/ 5

Genital and anal injuries: a cross-sectional Australian study of 1266 women alleging recent sexual assault. Renate R Zilkens, Debbie A Smith, Maureen A Phillips, et al. Forensic Sci Int. 2017; 275: 195-202...p. 5

Physical symptoms in very young children assessed for sexual abuse: a mixed method analysis from the ASAC study. Thekla F Vrolijk-Bosschaart, Sonja N Brilleslijper-Kater, Guy A Widdershoven, et al. Eur J Pediatr. 2017; http://dx/ 6


Biomechanics of the classic metaphyseal lesion: finite element analysis. Andy Tsai, Brittany Coats, Paul K Kleinman. Pediatr Radiol. 2017; http://dx/ 7

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation-associated injuries in still-/newborns, infants and toddlers in a German forensic collective. B Ondruschka, C Baier, M Siekmeyer, et al. Forensic Sci Int. 2017; 279: 235-240...p. 8

Childhood bruising distribution observed from eight mechanisms of unintentional injury. Owen Hibberd, Diane Nuttall, Rhiannon E Watson, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2017; http://dx/ 8

Femur fracture biomechanics and morphology associated with torsional and bending loading conditions in an in vitro immature porcine model. Gina Bertocci, A Thompson, Mary-Clyde Pierce. J Forensic Leg Med. 2017; 52: 5-11...p. 9

Stair-related injuries treated in United States emergency departments. Danielle Herbert Blazewick, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Nichole L Hodges, Christy L Collins, Gary A Smith. Am J Emerg Med. 2017; http://dx/ 9

Trauma mechanisms and injury patterns in pediatric burn patients. Theres Moehrlen, Thomas Szucs, Markus A Londolt, et al. Burns. 2017; http://dx/ 10

Child Fatalities

Quantifying macrophages and hemosiderin in pediatric dura mater. Alison Krywanczyk, Elizabeth A Bundock. J Forensic Sci. 2017; http://dx/ 10

The value of postmortem computed tomography in paediatric natural cause of death: a Dutch observational study. Rick R van Rijn, Erik J Beek, Elise M van de Putte, et al. Pediatr Radiol. 2017; 47: 1514-1522...p. 11

Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy

The perpetrators of medical child abuse (Munchausen syndrome by proxy) - a systematic review of 796 cases. Gregory Yates, Christopher Bass. Child Abuse Negl. 2017; 72: 45-53...p. 12


Alcohol's harm to children: findings from the 2015 United States National Alcohol's Harm to Others survey. Lauren M Kaplan, Madhabika B Nayak, Thomas K Greenfield, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe. J Pediatr. 2017; 184: 186-192...p. 12

Association between severe dental caries and child abuse and neglect. Henk Sillevis Smitt, Jenny de Leeuw, Tjalling de Vries. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2017; http://dx/ 13

Prevalence and risk factors of child neglect in the general population. ME Clement, A Berube, C Chamberland. Public Health. 2016; 1138: 86-92...p. 13

Physical Abuse

Abusive head trauma and mortality - an analysis from an international comparative effectiveness study of children with severe traumatic brain injury. Nikki Miller-Ferguson, Ajit Sarnaik, Darryl Miles D, et al. Crit Care Med. 2017; 45: 1398-1407...p. 14

In vivo demonstration of traumatic rupture of the bridging veins in abusive head trauma. Giulio Zuccoli, Abdullah S Khan, Ashok Panigrapy, Mandeep S Tamber. Pediatr Neurol. 2017; 72: 31-35...p. 15

Pediatric prehospital refusal of medical assistance: association with suspected abuse or neglect. Felicia Mix, Lucas A Myers, Anuradha Luke, Mathew D Sztajnkrycer. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2017; http://dx/ 16

The frequency of nonaccidental trauma in children under the age of 3 years with femur fractures: is there a better cutoff point for universal workups?. Jochen P Son-Hing, Z Deniz Olgun. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2017; http://dx/ 16

Raising suspicion of mistreatment from burns: derivation and validation of the BuRN-Tool. Alison M Kemp, Linda Hollen, Alan M Emond, et al. Burns. 2017; http://dx/ 17

Understanding humerus fractures in young children: abuse or not abuse? Norell Rosado, Elizabeth Ryzna, Emmalee G Flaherty. Child Abuse Negl. 2017; 73: 1-7...p. 18


Child sexual abuse prevention opportunities: Parenting, Programs, and the reduction of risk. Julia Rudolph, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Dianne C Shanley, Russel Hawkins. Child Maltreat. 2017; http://dx/ 19

Assessing parental understanding of sexualized behavior in children and adolescents. Nathan D Marriage, Anika S Blackley, Karlina Panagiotaros, et al. Child Abuse Negl. 2017; 72: 196-205...p. 19

Professional Issues

A multidisciplinary child protection team improves the care of nanaccidental trauma patients. John M Draus. Am Surg. 2017; 83: 477-481...p. 20

Diagnosis of child maltreatment: A family medicine physician's dilemma. Kehinde Eniola, Lori Evarts. South Med J. 2017; 110: 330-336...p. 20

Surveying paediatricians' assessment of childhood bruising patterns. Christopher W Course, Alison Mott, David Tuthill. Arch Dis Child. 2017; http://dx/ 21

Identifying child abuse through text mining and machine learning. Chintan Amrit, Tim Paauw, Robin Aly, Miha Lavric. Expert Syst Appl. 2017; 88: 402-418...p. 21

Inter-rater reliability of physical abuse determination in young children with fractures. Katherine E Buesser, John M Leventhal, Julie R Gaither, et al. Child Abuse Negl. 2017; 72: 140-146...p. 22

Non-contact ultra-widefield retinal imaging of infants with suspected abusive head trauma. IH Yusuf, JK Barnes, THM Fung, JS Elston, CK Patel. Eye. 2017; 31: 353-363...p. 23

Predicting child maltreatment: a meta-analysis of the predictive validity of risk assessment instruments. Claudia E van der Put, Mark Assink, Noelle F Boekhout van Solinge. Child Abuse Negl. 2017; 73: 71-88...p. 23

Radiologic head CT interpretation errors in pediatric abusive and non-abusive head trauma patients. Stephen F Kralik, Whitney Finke, Isaac C Wu, et. al. Pediatr Radiol. 2017; 47: 942-951...p. 24

Screening for housing instability and homelessness among families undergoing child maltreatment investigation. Anne F Farrell, Kate E Dibble, Kellie G Randall, Preston A Britner. Am J Community Psychol. 2017; http://dx/ 25

Should children with suspected nonaccidental injury be admitted to a surgical service. Summer Magoteaux, Megan Gilbert, Crystal S Langlais, Pamela Garcia-Filion, David M Notrica. J Am Coll Surg. 2016; 222: 838-845...p. 25

Utility of emergency department observation units for neurologically intact children with head CT abnormalities secondary to acute closed head injury. Roxanna Lefort, Jill V Hunter, Andrea T Cruz, et al. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2017; 33: 161-165...p. 25

Public Policy

A content analysis of hospitals' community health needs assessments in the most violent U.S. cites. Kyle R Fischer, Henry Schwimmer, Jonathan Purtle, et al. J Community Health. 2017; http://dx/ 26

Developing a community-wide initiative to address childhood adversity and toxic stress: a case study of the Philadelphia ACE Task Force. Lee M Pachter, Leslie Lieberman, Sandra L Bloom, Joel A Fein. Acad Pediatr. 2017; 17: S130-S135...p. 26

Lifetime cost of abusive head trauma at ages 0-4, USA. Ted R Miller, Ryan Steinbeigle, Bruce A Lawrence, et al. Prev Sci. 2017; http://dx/ 27

Hospital costs and charges of discharge delays in children hospitalized for abuse and neglect. Michael Lee, Angela Bachim, Carolyn Smith et al. Hosp Pediatr. 2017; http://dx/ 27

Cost-benefit analysis of two child abuse and neglect primary prevention programs for the US States. Cora Peterson, Curtis Florence, Robert Thomas, Joanne Klevens. Prev Sci. 2017; http://dx/ 27

Financing mechanisms for reducing adversity and enhancing resilience through implementation of primary prevention. Sarah M Steverman, David L Shern. Acad Pediatr. 2017; 17: S144-S149...p. 27

Methods to assess adverse childhood experiences of children and families: toward approaches to promote child well-being in policy and practice. Christina D Bethell, Adam Carle, James Hudziak, et al. Acad Pediat. 2017; 17: S51-S69...p. 28

Screening for adverse childhood experiences (ACEs): cautions and suggestions. David Finkelhor. Child Abuse Negl. 2017; http://dx/ 29

Related Disease States

Infantile retinal haemorrhages in the absence of brain and bodily injury. Joseph Scheller. Acta Paediatr. 2017; http://dx/ 29

An unexpected cause of bilateral retinal hemorrhages in a four-month-old boy. Joseph Scheller. Pediatric Neurology. 2017; http://dx/ 29

Outcome of universal newborn eye screening with wide-field digital retinal image acquisition system: a pilot study. P Goyal, TR Padhi, T Das, et al. Eye. 2017; http://dx/ 30

Risk factors affecting the severity of full-term neonatal retinal hemorrhage. Zhang Yanli, Zhao Qi, Lin Yu, Guo Haike. J Ophthalmol. 2017; http://dx/ 30

Patterns of bruising in preschool children with inherited bleeding disorders. Peter W Collins, Melinda Hamilton Frank D Dunstan, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2016; http://dx/ 30

Prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in children with forearm fractures. Y Saglam, H Kizildag, G Toprak, NB Alp, EY Yalcinkaya. J Child Orthop. 2017; 11: 180-184...p. 31

Retinal haemorrhage in infants with pertussis. Naz Raoof, Susana Pereira, Shuan Dai, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2017; http://dx/ 32